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Degree of cure of orthodontic adhesives with various polymerization initiation modes

T Eliades, G Elidades, TG Bradley, DC Watts
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/22.4.395 395-399 First published online: 1 August 2000

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate the degree of cure (DC) of a light-cured, and a two- and a one-phase (no-mix) chemically-cured, as well as a dual-cured commercially available orthodontic adhesive resin. Forty stainless steel brackets were divided into four groups of 10 brackets each, and the bracket bases were covered with a standardized volume of adhesive. They were then pressed firmly onto a yellowish background surface of 75 per cent reflectance covered with cellulose film to facilitate detachment of the system and recovery of the set material. The visible light- and dual-cured adhesives were photopolymerized by irradiation from the incisal and cervical edges of the bracket for 10 seconds each, while another group of ceramic brackets was used to assess the differential interference of transparent relative to opaque material in the DC. Micro-multiple internal reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was employed for the estimation of the DC of the adhesives (α = 0.05, n = 10), utilizing a method proposed previously. The dual-cured product demonstrated the highest DC followed by the light-cured combined with the ceramic bracket, and the no-mix and the chemically-cured adhesives. The combination of the metallic bracket with the light-cured product resulted in a DC comparable with that of the chemically-cured material.