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Relationship between cranial base and maxillofacial morphology

Kazutaka Kasai , Takashi Moro , Eisaku Kanazawa , Tadamasa Iwasawa
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/17.5.403 403-410 First published online: 1 October 1995


SUMMARY The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships between the cranial base and maxillofacial morphology in Japanese crania, and to examine the differences between Class I and Class II samples. Data were obtained from 46 male Japanese crania from the collection of the Jikei University School of Medicine (Tokyo). The sample represents populations which would have lived during the last 100 years.

A principal component analysis of linear and angular measurements showed that the anterior and posterior cranial base, and the cranial base angle were associated in different ways with different aspects of maxillofacial morphology. Variation in the anterior cranial base was associated with differences in facial height, lower facial height, bicondylar breadth, ramal height, and ramal width, while posterior cranial base length was correlated with bizygomatic breadth. The cranial base angle was negatively correlated with SNA (r=−0.46) and SNB (r=−0.59), and positively correlated with the palatal and occlusal plane angles. There were significant differences between Class I and Class II specimens in palatal width, SNA, ANB, and the palatal plane angle, but no significant difference in cranial base length or angle.

The evidence suggested that cranial base shape and size was related to facial length, inclination of the maxilla, and both maxillary and mandibular prognathism.

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