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Aetiological aspects of mandibular tooth agenesis—focusing on the role of nerve, oral mucosa, and supporting tissues

Inger Kjær, Gabór Kocsis, Marianne Nodal, Lars Rosén Christensen
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/16.5.371 371-375 First published online: 1 October 1994


The purpose of the present investigation was to consider possible aetiological aspects of mandibular tooth agenesis by comparing the pattern of mandibular molar and premolar agenesis with radiological evidence of the mandibular canal.

Orthopantomograms from 33 children affected by agenesis of at least four premolar and/or molar teeth in the mandible were investigated. Three children were affected by ectodermal dysplasia. Two anthropological mandibles with absence of mandibular canals were included in the study for comparison.

According to the investigation, agenesis should be divided into three groups, based on an analysis of agenesis location, the presence of nerve canals in the jaws, and finally, data on possible bone, skin and oral mucosa abnormalities. The three aetiological groups suggested are: agenesis related to nerve tissue, agenesis related to the oral epithelium, and agenesis related to the supporting tissue.

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