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The development of the PAR Index (Peer Assessment Rating): reliability and validity

S. Richmond, W. C. Shaw, K. D. O'Brien, I. B. Buchanan, R. Jones, C. D. Stephens, C. T. Roberts, M. Andrews
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/14.2.125 125-139 First published online: 1 April 1992


The PAR Index has been developed to provide a single summary score for all the occlusal anomalies which may be found in a malocclusion. The score provides an estimate of how far a case deviates from normal alignment and occlusion. The difference in scores between the pre- and post-treatment cases reflects the degree of improvement and, therefore, the success of treatment. Excellent reliability was exhibited within and between examiners (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, R> 0.91). The components of the PAR Index have been weighted to reflect current British orthodontic opinion and is flexible in that the weightings could be changed to reflect future standards and standards currently being achieved in other countries.

The PAR Index offers uniformity and standardization in assessing the outcome of orthodontic treatment.

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